What is ChatGPT, How does ChatGPT work, GPT-4, its uses, limitations and ethical concerns

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Written By Shikhar Jauhari

ChatGPT is an AI program that can generate answers, tales, essays, and even code. The sophistication of the chatbot has opened people’s eyes to the possibilities of AI and how it may determine the future of humanity, for better or worse.

Since its introduction last year, ChatGPT’s accessibility has drawn millions of users and much debate. Certain nations have prevented their residents from accessing the ChatGPT website, and there are many ethical and legal issues regarding artificial intelligence, which has led to the restriction of ChatGPT in certain schools.

What is ChatGPT?

OpenAI created the ChatGPT app. As long as you provide it with enough natural language prompts, it should be able to use the GPT language models to attempt to answer your questions, compose text, generate emails, have a conversation, explain code in various programming languages, translate natural language to code, and much more. This is a chatbot, but it’s a top-notch one.

There are now two GPT models available on ChatGPT. GPT-3.5, the default, has fewer features but is free for anybody to use. Only ChatGPT Plus members get access to the GPT-4, even though they are limited in the number of questions they receive daily.

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Who Built ChatGPT?

OpenAI, an AI development firm headquartered in San Francisco, is responsible for developing ChatGPT. OpenAI LP is a for-profit subsidiary of its parent business, OpenAI Inc. DALL•E is a deep-learning model developed by OpenAI that creates graphics based on written instructions called “prompts.”

Sam Altman, a former head of Y Combinator, now holds the position of chief executive officer. Partnering with Microsoft and investing $1 billion is a big deal. Together, they created Microsoft’s Azure AI platform.

How does ChatGPT work?

The key to ChatGPT’s success is its Generative Pre-trained Transformer, a set of algorithms designed to identify repeating structures in data. The third iteration of the Generative Pre-trained Transformer (GPT-3) is the basis for ChatGPT’s language model. The transformer uses a large data set to choose an action.

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ChatGPT’s conversation learning and human-like response style were achieved by training GPT-3.5 on vast data gleaned from the internet, including Reddit debates.

Both supervised learning and reinforcement learning were used to fine-tune the language model. What makes ChatGPT stand out from the competition is the fact that it employs Reinforcement Learning from Human Feedback (RLHF). According to OpenAI’s description of RLHF, human AI trainers fed the model dialogues in which they acted as both the user and the AI helper.

What is GPT-4?

Compared to its predecessor, GPT-3.5, on which ChatGPT is based, the newest version of OpenAI’s language model system, GPT-4, is significantly improved. The GPT-4 model is multimodal; it takes in both text and pictures and produces text as an output. Because of its versatility, you may submit spreadsheets, graphs, and charts for analysis. 

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How is GPT-4 different to GPT-3?

GPT-4 is functionally equivalent to its predecessor, GPT-3. However, the capabilities of the program have been improved with the addition of additional features.

GPT-4’s main feature is an input word limit that may be as high as 25,000, or eight times that of the original ChatGPT model.

Similarly, OpenAI claims that the most recent iteration of its AI has reduced the frequency of what they refer to as “hallucinations.” Before, if you asked ChatGPT a question, it may respond incoherently, including stereotypes or misleading information.

Furthermore, GPT-4 excels in using language playfully and expressing creative ideas. ChatGPT was used to summarize a blog post using words that begin with the letter ‘g’ as part of OpenAI’s presentation of the new technology. It also has a greater grasp of poetry and creative writing than before, though this is by no means a perfect area for it.

Regarding replacing human labour, GPT-3 had the most significant competition from authors and journalists. GPT-4, on the other hand, is proving capable of making recipes, filing taxes, designing websites, and processing massive amounts of legal data.

What is ChatGPT used for?

ChatGPT’s usefulness extends well beyond simple spoken exchanges. People have done the following with ChatGPT:

  • Coding Programs
  • Prepare an email draft
  • Composing music
  • Pre-write your social media updates
  • Write synopses of the content you’ve read/listened to/watched
  • Summarize various content even a novel
  • Find relevant keywords for SEO
  • Perform mathematical tasks
  • Repurpose material from one media to another, such as a blog post from a presentation transcript
  • Make up a catchy headline
  • Make website content like articles, blog entries, and quizzes
  • Create detailed product descriptions
  • Help with job applications by producing cover letters and resumes.
  • Try your hand at trivia questions
  • Play games
  • Simplify your explanations of complex ideas
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How can I access ChatGPT?

ChatGPT is accessible by signing up for an OpenAI account at chat.openai.com.

The previous chatbot address, chat.openai.com/chat, is still active and can be used if desired. OpenAI shortened the lengthy URL for its users’ sake.

What are the limitations of ChatGPT?

The following are some restrictions placed on ChatGPT:

  • It has trouble grasping the subtleties of the English language.
  • ChatGPT generates words depending on user input. This might make people’s replies appear uninsightful and superficial.
  • Inability to respond to narrowly-focused inquiries without first reformulating the input inquiry.
  • All of the training data is up to the year 2021. Due to the nature of the data it uses, ChatGPT may offer inaccurate results. ChatGPT may return an incorrect answer if it does not completely comprehend the question.
  • Because it can guess the following word, ChatGPT may misuse conjunctions like the or and. Because of this, information still has to be reviewed and edited by humans before it reads and sounds more like human writing.
  • Poor response quality; answers may sound reasonable but make little sense in practice and may be overly wordy.
  • ChatGPT does not offer any data analysis or insight. ChatGPT may offer several data, but it offers nothing in the way of comments on what these numbers represent or how they pertain to the issue.
  • The model does not bother to inquire for clarification on confusing queries, instead providing an answer based on its best guess.
  • Since ChatGPT is built on a corpus of text, it stands to reason that it won’t catch on to irony or sarcasm.

To what extent does ChatGPT raise moral and ethical concerns?

ChatGPT can be useful in some contexts, but its application raises ethical questions due to the potential for prejudice, a lack of privacy and security, and the facilitation of academic and occupational dishonesty.

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Fraudulent use and plagiarism

Due to its human-like characteristics, ChatGPT may be used unethically for cheating, impersonating others, or distributing false information. Several teachers voiced worries about pupils utilizing ChatGPT for fraudulent purposes like cheating and plagiarism. The usage of ChatGPT by CNET to produce error-riddled stories generated headlines.

OpenAI has an AI text classifier that can tell the difference between human and AI-generated text, which can be used to combat plagiarism. Copyleaks and Writing.com are two other websites that can determine whether a human or an automated system authored a text. Longer pieces of writing created by OpenAI will be marked with a watermark in the future.

ChatGPT also poses a threat to cyber security since it may generate code. ChatGPT is a useful tool for threat actors to employ while developing malware. Malware creation was addressed via an upgrade that denied the request, but malicious actors might still discover other ways to bypass OpenAI’s security measures.

ChatGPT may also be trained to mimic a person’s speech and writing patterns to pass for that person online. The chatbot can then be a reliable source to steal information or disseminate falsehoods.

The potential for bias in the training data is one of the main ethical issues with ChatGPT. The model’s results will reflect any inherent bias in its data. Offensive or discriminating language is also not understood by ChatGPT. A review of the data is necessary to prevent the spread of bias, but providing diverse and representative material can aid in managing bias and producing reliable findings.

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Taking the place of humans and their jobs

ChatGPT might eventually replace people in various roles, including data input, processing, customer service, and translation support, due to technological advancements. People are concerned that ChatGPT and AI will take their jobs. Therefore, it’s necessary to consider how these technologies will affect employees, how they may be used to supplement existing occupations, and how new ones can be created to alleviate this concern.

ChatGPT might be used by attorneys for various purposes, including drafting contracts and summarizing case notes. And copywriters may utilize ChatGPT to brainstorm article topics and titles.

Security and privacy concerns

Because it is text-based on user input, ChatGPT may expose private data. Information from a prompt is collected and linked to the user’s phone number and email address so that the model’s output may be used for tracking and profiling. This data is then kept forever.

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